json_encode — 对变量进行 JSON 编码

2017-12-19 00:15:41
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json_encode

(PHP 5 >= 5.2.0, PECL json >= 1.2.0, PHP 7)

json_encode对变量进行 JSON 编码

说明

string json_encode ( mixed $value [, int $options = 0 [, int $depth = 512 ]] )

返回 value 值的 JSON 形式

参数

value

待编码的 value ,除了resource 类型之外,可以为任何数据类型

该函数只能接受 UTF-8 编码的数据

Note:

PHP implements a superset of JSON as specified in the original » RFC 4627 - it will also encode and decode scalar types and NULL. RFC 4627 only supports these values when they are nested inside an array or an object.

Although this superset is consistent with the expanded definition of "JSON text" in the newer » RFC 7159 (which aims to supersede RFC 4627) and » ECMA-404, this may cause interoperability issues with older JSON parsers that adhere strictly to RFC 4627 when encoding a single scalar value.

options

由以下常量组成的二进制掩码: JSON_HEX_QUOT, JSON_HEX_TAG, JSON_HEX_AMP, JSON_HEX_APOS, JSON_NUMERIC_CHECK, JSON_PRETTY_PRINT, JSON_UNESCAPED_SLASHES, JSON_FORCE_OBJECT, JSON_PRESERVE_ZERO_FRACTION, JSON_UNESCAPED_UNICODE, JSON_PARTIAL_OUTPUT_ON_ERROR。 关于 JSON 常量详情参考JSON 常量页面。

depth

设置最大深度。 必须大于0。

返回值

成功则返回 JSON 编码的 string 或者在失败时返回 FALSE

更新日志

版本 说明
5.6.6 options 参数增加常量: JSON_PRESERVE_ZERO_FRACTION
5.5.0 增加 depth 参数。
5.4.0 options 参数增加常量: JSON_PRETTY_PRINT, JSON_UNESCAPED_SLASHES, 和 JSON_UNESCAPED_UNICODE
5.3.3 options 参数增加常量:JSON_NUMERIC_CHECK
5.3.0 增加 options 参数.

范例

Example #1 json_encode() 例子

<?php
$arr 
= array ('a'=>1,'b'=>2,'c'=>3,'d'=>4,'e'=>5);

echo 
json_encode($arr);
?>

以上例程会输出:

{"a":1,"b":2,"c":3,"d":4,"e":5}

Example #2 json_encode() 函数中 options 参数的用法

<?php
$a 
= array('<foo>',"'bar'",'"baz"','&blong&'"\xc3\xa9");

echo 
"Normal: ",  json_encode($a), "\n";
echo 
"Tags: ",    json_encode($aJSON_HEX_TAG), "\n";
echo 
"Apos: ",    json_encode($aJSON_HEX_APOS), "\n";
echo 
"Quot: ",    json_encode($aJSON_HEX_QUOT), "\n";
echo 
"Amp: ",     json_encode($aJSON_HEX_AMP), "\n";
echo 
"Unicode: "json_encode($aJSON_UNESCAPED_UNICODE), "\n";
echo 
"All: ",     json_encode($aJSON_HEX_TAG JSON_HEX_APOS JSON_HEX_QUOT JSON_HEX_AMP JSON_UNESCAPED_UNICODE), "\n\n";

$b = array();

echo 
"Empty array output as array: "json_encode($b), "\n";
echo 
"Empty array output as object: "json_encode($bJSON_FORCE_OBJECT), "\n\n";

$c = array(array(1,2,3));

echo 
"Non-associative array output as array: "json_encode($c), "\n";
echo 
"Non-associative array output as object: "json_encode($cJSON_FORCE_OBJECT), "\n\n";

$d = array('foo' => 'bar''baz' => 'long');

echo 
"Associative array always output as object: "json_encode($d), "\n";
echo 
"Associative array always output as object: "json_encode($dJSON_FORCE_OBJECT), "\n\n";
?>

以上例程会输出:

Normal: ["<foo>","'bar'","\"baz\"","&blong&","\u00e9"]
Tags: ["\u003Cfoo\u003E","'bar'","\"baz\"","&blong&","\u00e9"]
Apos: ["<foo>","\u0027bar\u0027","\"baz\"","&blong&","\u00e9"]
Quot: ["<foo>","'bar'","\u0022baz\u0022","&blong&","\u00e9"]
Amp: ["<foo>","'bar'","\"baz\"","\u0026blong\u0026","\u00e9"]
Unicode: ["<foo>","'bar'","\"baz\"","&blong&","é"]
All: ["\u003Cfoo\u003E","\u0027bar\u0027","\u0022baz\u0022","\u0026blong\u0026","é"]

Empty array output as array: []
Empty array output as object: {}

Non-associative array output as array: [[1,2,3]]
Non-associative array output as object: {"0":{"0":1,"1":2,"2":3}}

Associative array always output as object: {"foo":"bar","baz":"long"}
Associative array always output as object: {"foo":"bar","baz":"long"}

Example #3 选项 JSON_NUMERIC_CHECK 例子

<?php
echo "Strings representing numbers automatically turned into numbers".PHP_EOL;
$numbers = array('+123123''-123123''1.2e3''0.00001');
var_dump(
 
$numbers,
 
json_encode($numbersJSON_NUMERIC_CHECK)
);
echo 
"Strings containing improperly formatted numbers".PHP_EOL;
$strings = array('+a33123456789''a123');
var_dump(
 
$strings,
 
json_encode($stringsJSON_NUMERIC_CHECK)
);
?>

以上例程会输出:

Strings representing numbers automatically turned into numbers
array(4) {
  [0]=>
  string(7) "+123123"
  [1]=>
  string(7) "-123123"
  [2]=>
  string(5) "1.2e3"
  [3]=>
  string(7) "0.00001"
}
string(28) "[123123,-123123,1200,1.0e-5]"
Strings containing improperly formatted numbers
array(2) {
  [0]=>
  string(13) "+a33123456789"
  [1]=>
  string(4) "a123"
}
string(24) "["+a33123456789","a123"]"

Example #4 连续与非连续数组示例

<?php
echo "连续数组".PHP_EOL;
$sequential = array("foo""bar""baz""blong");
var_dump(
 
$sequential,
 
json_encode($sequential)
);

echo 
PHP_EOL."非连续数组".PHP_EOL;
$nonsequential = array(1=>"foo"2=>"bar"3=>"baz"4=>"blong");
var_dump(
 
$nonsequential,
 
json_encode($nonsequential)
);

echo 
PHP_EOL."删除一个连续数组值的方式产生的非连续数组".PHP_EOL;
unset(
$sequential[1]);
var_dump(
 
$sequential,
 
json_encode($sequential)
);
?>

以上例程会输出:

连续数组
array(4) {
  [0]=>
  string(3) "foo"
  [1]=>
  string(3) "bar"
  [2]=>
  string(3) "baz"
  [3]=>
  string(5) "blong"
}
string(27) "["foo","bar","baz","blong"]"

非连续数组
array(4) {
  [1]=>
  string(3) "foo"
  [2]=>
  string(3) "bar"
  [3]=>
  string(3) "baz"
  [4]=>
  string(5) "blong"
}
string(43) "{"1":"foo","2":"bar","3":"baz","4":"blong"}"

删除一个连续数组值的方式产生的非连续数组
array(3) {
  [0]=>
  string(3) "foo"
  [2]=>
  string(3) "baz"
  [3]=>
  string(5) "blong"
}
string(33) "{"0":"foo","2":"baz","3":"blong"}"

Example #5 选项 JSON_PRESERVE_ZERO_FRACTION 的例子

<?php
var_dump
(json_encode(12.0JSON_PRESERVE_ZERO_FRACTION));
var_dump(json_encode(12.0));
?>

以上例程会输出:

string(4) "12.0"
string(2) "12"

注释

Note:

如果执行失败,可以通过 json_last_error() 函数来获取详细错误信息。

Note:

如果要编码的数组的键不是从0开始的数字,所有的键将会被当作字符串,并明确声明为 key-value 对。

Note:

Like the reference JSON encoder, json_encode() will generate JSON that is a simple value (that is, neither an object nor an array) if given a string, integer, float or boolean as an input value. While most decoders will accept these values as valid JSON, some may not, as the specification is ambiguous on this point.

To summarise, always test that your JSON decoder can handle the output you generate from json_encode().

参见